The government was overthrown in a confidence vote on Wednesday

Six months later, he was already ousted from office: Prime Minister Bulgarian Grill Petkov and his government were ousted by a no-confidence motion on Wednesday, amid growing differences. War in Ukraine. Of the 240 delegates, 123 voted in favor, 116 voted against, and one did not, said Deputy Speaker of Parliament Miroslav Ivanov.

This Balkan country, home to the poorest 6.5 million people in the European Union, is now at risk of a run-off election. Bulgarians have already lived through three legislative elections in the past year. Until a sensational entry into pro-European liberal Petkov politics, a graduate of Harvard University who decided to wipe out corruption after a decade of the controversial Boïko Borissov regime.

“There are people like that”

But the multilateral coalition formed in December split: in early June, it lost the support of the opposition opposition party “Such People” (ITP). In protest, Boriso’s Conservative Party, Gerf, rushed to the scene and tabled a motion pointing to the “failure of the government’s economic and fiscal policy.”

“It is an honor for me to lead a government overthrown by Borisov, Beavsky, Trifonov and Mitrobanov,” Petkov said, referring to the well-known oligarchy and the Russian ambassador to Sofia, in addition to opposition leaders. “They do not understand that this is not the right way to win the support of the Bulgarian people,” he added, adding that he promised to continue the war.

Discord files

The prime minister came to power with the hope of “transforming Bulgaria into a normal, successful, mafia-free European country,” but the war in Ukraine has disrupted his agenda. This country is traditionally close MoscowThe war has “increased divisions and weakened the government,” explains AFP Rouslan Stepanov of the Center for Democratic Studies (CSD).

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Despite its heavy reliance on Russian energy, Sofia did not comply with the Kremlin’s request to open a ruble account for gas payments, resulting in a cut in supplies. This unprecedented event “played a key role in the current crisis,” said Ognion Mintsev, director of the capital’s Institute of International Studies.

He told the AFP that the “commissioned Bulgarian oligarchs” were found to be without revenue, which “exacerbated tensions between the coalition and business circles and the government”. “The Russian intervention in Bulgaria is significant, and many circles are sensitive to it,” said political scientist Yavor Siderov, referring to “persistent attempts at instability by spreading misinformation.”

Another file has sown controversy: arms supplies to Ukraine. Within the government, the Socialists, for their part, refused to respond to kyiv’s demands, despite the support of the majority. For reasons of historical and cultural contradictions, the Bulgarian veto in Northern Macedonia in initiating negotiations to join the European Union has been a source of contradiction.

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